Headache, also known as cephalalgia, is a pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It can be a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and neck. Headaches can result from a wide range of causes both benign and more serious. A headache is a pain in any region of the head. It can be a sharp pain, throbbing sensation or the dull ache. It may appear gradually or suddenly, and they may last less than an hour or for several days.
Headaches may occur on one or both sides of the head, or be isolated to a certain location.
However, it is important to know how to distinguish which a headache is harmless and which one is dangerous in order to know when to visit your doctor.
- Thunderclap headache
This is a sudden and severe headache which takes seconds to minutes to reach maximum intensity. It is associated with many health conditions, including subarachnoid hemorrhage, which can be life-threatening.
- A headache after injury – damage
This is also called a post-traumatic headache. It can result in blackouts immediate restorative treatment is needed. Note that even a small head injury can cause damage to the brain and create pressure in the skull.
- A headache that is more awful after waking
This is also known as a morning migraine and you should be careful because it can be an indication of the brain tumor. According to Casilda Balmaceda, M.D., an assistant professor of Neurology at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, only 8% of people who suffer from brain tumor have a morning migraine.
- Worst cerebral pain of your life
A severe migraine is accompanied by vision problems, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. It also includes torment in the upper neck and head when lying still, hardened neck, not being able to endure light, perplexity etc. Consult your doctor if you the symptoms do not stop during the day.
- Sudden cerebral pain
An aneurysm is a bulge or “ballooning” in the wall of an artery. Brain aneurysms usually result in a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), which is defined as bleeding into the subarachnoid space. When blood escapes into the space around the brain, it can cause sudden symptoms, including localized headache, dilated pupils, blurred or double vision, pain above and behind the eye, weakness and numbness, difficulty in speaking.
A few characteristics of unordinary headache include:
- Those that develop after age 50
- The frequency, location, and severity changes frequently
- Worsens each day
- Hampers vision and speech
- Occurs after activities like weightlifting, sex, or jogging
- This is the worst headache you have ever had
- With a headache you suffer from memory loss, difficulty moving extremities, loss of balance, and confusion
- They occur with fever, nausea, or vomiting and are not linked to other health issues
- A headache linked with shortness of breath
- Accompanied by seizures
- Your headaches limit your ability to work and participate in everyday activities