Nosebleeds are common. They may be scary, but they rarely indicate a serious medical problem. The nose contains many blood vessels. These blood vessels are located close to the surface in the front and back of the nose.
But the causes of nosebleed can be numerous such as fracture, increased blood pressure, heart disease, anemia, infectious disease or excessive physical effort.
Nosebleeds are most common in children or elderly people, especially during virus outbreaks in late winter and early spring. Vitamin deficiencies can lead to frequent nosebleeds as well. The bleeding comes suddenly, often while sleeping at night.
The mucous membrane of the nose is rich with capillaries, especially in the frontal nasal septum, where usually comes to bleeding.
The appearance and the general condition of the patient depend on the intensity of the bleeding. In severe cases, the patient is pale, the pulse is rapid and sometimes it may cause fainting.
First of all, if you’re experiencing a nosebleed do not panic. Tilt the head forward while squeezing the nose with your thumb and the forefinger for 2-3 minutes. Put a cold compress on the neck.
If the bleeding does not stop, you should immediately go to the doctor. In that way, you will know the cause that led to this problem.
Tricks to stop a nose bleed
If you want to stop or prevent the nosebleeds fast, try these amazing tricks that actually work:
- Keep squeezing the nose in the right place
Sit up straight and tilt your head slightly forward (to prevent the flow of blood from going down the back of your throat).
- Gently blow your nose to remove any blood clots.
- Place your thumb on one side of your nose and your forefinger on the other side, just below the cartilage, and hold for 10 minutes.
- Make a strong gauze or cotton handkerchief roll.
- Place the compression in the mouth, between the gums and the upper lip just below the “root” of the nose, and hold it there for about 10 minutes.
- If you are bothered by the roll placed in the mouth, take a button or a coin and press it, with your finger, over the upper lip (between the lips and nose) and hold it for about 10 minutes.
- Put an ice cube or cold compress on the side of the nostril that is bleeding.
- Hold the compress for some time, as much as you can endure then make a break and repeat the procedure.
- The cold compress tightens blood vessels and thus stops the bleeding.
- Nasal spray has a similar effect on the contraction of blood vessels.
- Drink lots of liquids. Water hydrates the body and thus the mucous membrane.
- Avoid overexposure to air conditioning. It may lead to dryness in the nose.
- Avoid taking medications such as acetaminophen because they dilute the blood and thus, reinforce the nasal haemorrhage.