Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
In this article we will present you very easy and simple test for diabetes that can be done at home. The test will help you to learn more about diabetes, because as we already know, millions of people around the world suffer from diabetes.
This condition affects almost one out of every 10 Americans. In 2012, more than 29 million Americans had diabetes. Of that approximate 29 million, only 21 million were diagnosed, with the remaining left undiagnosed. Approximately $245 billion is spent on diagnosing diabetes every year.
And what is more shocking even 86 millions of Americans are affected from prediabetes.
This condition can be diagnosed trough blood test, but first we should learn what prediabetes actually is.
What Is Prediabetes?
When a person is diagnosed with prediabetes it means that he/she has blood sugar levels that are higher then normal, but is not yet at a diabetic level. The name “prediabetes” comes from the fact that many people who have prediabetes are on the way to become diabetic and, although not everyone with prediabetes develops type 2 diabetes, several prediabetics will.
This doesn’t mean that you will become diabetic but long term prediabetes leads to other serious conditions such as heart diseases and nerve damage. The signs are not really visible so every one should learn how to recognize them.
The most important symptoms for this condition are:
- Increased urination
- Increased thirst
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Increased hunger
- Sores that do not heal
How to diagnose pre diabetes?
This condition can be determinate through the test of blood in which is examined the glucose level.
If you levels are above a certain point (100 milligrams per deciliter), you are diagnosed as prediabetic. If you have even higher blood glucose levels (126 milligrams or above per deciliter) you are diagnosed as diabetic.
Here is step by step instruction for alternative prediabetes diagnose.
1.Hold up 1 finger if you are a man, none of you are a woman.
2.Hold up 3 fingers if you are over 60, 2 fingers if you are over 50, and 1 finger if you are over 40, none if you are under 40 years.
3.Hold up 1 finger if you think you don’t get enough physical activity, none if you think you are physically active enough.
4.Hold up 1 finger if anybody in your family has diabetes, none if your family does not have a history of diabetes.
5.Hold up 1 finger if you have high blood pressure, none if you have a normal blood pressure.
6.Hold up 3 fingers if you’re severely overweight (obese), 2 fingers if you are overweight, 1 finger if you are slightly overweight and no fingers if you are at a healthy body weight.
By the end of doing this self-diagnosis, if you find that you are holding up five fingers or more, then there is a big chance that you have prediabetes. This kind of diagnosing uses the factors that most scientists believe that are associated with an increased risk of diabetes. Even though it’s not 100% accurate, most experts believe that it’s a good way of measuring your risk of diabetes.
If this test shows that you have prediabetes, then, the first thing that you should do is to make a blood test to find out how much you are at risk for developing diabetes. If the result turns out that you are at a significant risk,then you should definitely make some lifestyle changes which will help lower your blood sugar and reduce the risk of developing full-on diabetes.